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Eid-ul-Adha is the special reward from Allah(swt) for momineen upon completion of the fasting during Ramzan. It falls on the 1st of the Islamic month of Shawwal. It is known as Eid-al-Fitr because of the obligation for momimeen to pay the Zakat-al-Fitr also known as Fitra.
Prayer of Eid-ul-Adha
During the period of occultation of the Imam-e-Zamana(a.s.), the prayer of Eid-ul-Adha is performed with the intention (niyyat) of Sunnat. The time of Eid-ul-Adha is from the sun rise to the time when the sun starts descending. Prayer of Eid-ul-Adha can be performed in Jama'at or alone.
It is a recommend Sunnat to perform Ghusl (Purification Bath) on Eid day. The Ghusl which should preferably performed under a shelter and not under the open sky. Before offering Eid prayers it is recommended to have a breakfast of dates. The specified time of Eid prayer is between sunrise and the sun's initial decline (Zawal). After that time, the prayer is lost and cannot be offered later as 'Qaza'. Women are exempted from this prayer.
It is 'Mustahab' (recommended) to offer Eid prayers with two Kutbas.
Recitation of Takbir before Namaz-e-Eid is highly recommended, which is as follows : "Allaaho Akbar, Allaaho Akbar, Laa ilaaha illallaah wallaaho Akbar, Allaaho Akbar, Wa lillaahil hamd. Alhamdulillah alaa maa hadaanaa walahu Shukr alaa maa aulana."
The meaning of this Takbeer is as follows : Allah is Great, Allah is Great there is no one worthy of prayer but Allah, and Allah is Great; Allah is Great, all praise be to Allah, it is He Who guides."
Method of the Prayer
This is a 2 Rakaat namaz and its intention (niyyat) is by saying : "I intend to perform 2 Rakaat namaz Eid-ul-Fitr Sunnat Qurbatan il-Allah".
In the first Rakaat recite the Takbeeratul Ahraam (Allah ho-Akbar). After Sura Fatiha recite the following Sura :
After this Sura, the following special Dua-e-Qunoot is recited :
After this recite the Takbeer again (Allah ho-Akbar) and again raise the hands for the same Dua-e-Qunoot.. In the same manner, recite the Takbeer and the Dua-e-Qunoot 5 times in total. Follow this up with one Rukoo and two Sajdas and the rise up for the second Rakaat.
In the second Rakaat, after Sura Fatiha, recite the following Sura Shams:
This will be followed by the same Takbeer and Dua-e-Qunoot stated above. This Takbeer and Dua-e-Qunoot will be recited 4 times in total in the second Rakat. Finally complete the Prayer by offering one Rukoo and two Sajdas and Tashud and Salam.